국가 별 내역 (kep/$2015p)

세계

2.8%

2017년 러시아 에너지 집약도 증가.

2017년 에너지 집약도 개선 속도 감소: -1.2% vs. -1.8% (2016년))

전 세계 에너지 집약도 (GDP 대비 총 에너지 소비량)은 그 역사적인 추세에 약간 못 미치면서 2017년 1.2%까지 감소했다 (2000년부터 2017까지 연평균 -1.5%, 2016년 -1.8%).
에너지 집약도 및 추세는 전 세계적으로 크게 다르며, 경제 구조와 에너지 효율 성과의 차이를 반영한다.
중국은 2017년 에너지 소비가 가속화되면서 지난해보다 에너지 집약도가 크게 줄었다.
미국의 에너지 소비량이 완만한 증가세를 보이면서 에너지 집약도가 새로운 폭으로 감소하면서 세계 평균 수준에 근접했습니다.
세계에서 에너지 집약도가 가장 낮은 유럽 연합은 2000-2017년 기간보다 느린 속도 임에도 불구하고 에너지 효율 개선이 계속되었다.
러시아의 에너지 수요 증가에 따라 2017년 CIS지역의 에너지 집약도가 증가하여 세계 최고 수준을 유지하고 있다 (세계 평균 대비 75%, 중동 국가 대비 55% 높음).
CIS, 중동, 중국 및 다른 아시아 개발 도상국의 높은 에너지 집약도는 주로 에너지 집약 산업, 1차 원자재 수출 기반 경제 및 에너지 효율성을 권장하지 않는 낮은 에너지 가격의 우세로 설명됩니다.

세계 에너지 동향, 2018 년판

Enerdata는 G20 국가들의 2017 년 데이터 바탕으로 세계 에너지 시장의 동향을 분석합니다.

간행물 다운로드

Global Energy & CO2 Data

에너지 공급, 수요, 가격, 온실가스 배출에 관한 종합적인 최신 데이터베이스에 접근 가능(189개국).

무료 트라이얼

15
May

Over 21 GW of hydropower capacity added worldwide in 2018

According to the 2019 Hydropower Status Report released by the International Hydropower Association, around 21.8 GW of new hydropower capacities were commissioned in 2018, including nearly 2 GW of pumped-storage. Most of this new capacity was added in the East-Asia and Pacific region (nearly 9.2 GW installed, including 8.5 GW in China), followed by South America (4.9 GW, of which 3.9 GW were in Brazil), South and Central Asia (4 GW, including 2.5 GW in Pakistan), Europe (2.2 GW, half of which was in Turkey), Africa (1 GW, of which 0.7 GW in Angola) and North and Central America (0.6 GW).

At the end of 2018, global hydropower capacity stood at nearly 1,300 GW, of which over a quarter was located in China (352 GW), followed by Brazil (104 GW), the United States (103 GW) and Canada (81 GW): these four countries accounted for half of global capacities at the end of 2018 and Brazil overtook the United States as the second largest producer by capacity, after more than 3 GW were added at the 11 GW Belo Monte hydropower complex. Overall, hydropower generated 4,200 TWh in 2018.

10
May

CO2 emissions decreased by 2.5% in the EU

According to Eurostat's early estimates for the year 2018, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fossil fuel combustion decreased by 2.5% in the European Union (EU) compared to 2017 levels. Although Germany reduced significantly is CO2 emissions in 2018 (-5.4%), the country remains Europe's largest carbon emitter with a 22.5% share of EU's total CO2 emissions in 2018, followed by the United Kingdom with a share of 11.4%.

With a rise of 3.5% of its energy-related emissions, Poland has become EU's third largest CO2 emitter in 2018, with a 10.3% share in total emissions, exceeding France and Italy (10% each)

Remarquable energy-related CO2 emission reductions where recorded in Portugal (-9.0%), Bulgaria (-8.1%), Ireland (-6.8%), the Netherlands (-4.6%) and Croatia (-4.3%), Greece (-.36%), France (-3.5%), Italy (-3.5%) and Spain (-3.2%

Conserversely, countries that have registered an increase in emissions were Latvia (+8.5%), Malta (+6.7%), Estonia (+4.5%), Luxembourg (+3.7%), Poland (+3.5%), Slovakia (+2.4%), Finland (+1.9%) and Lithuania (+0.6%).

10
May

Kenya produces 86% of its power from renewables in 2018

According to the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics' 2019 Economic Survey, the country total electricity demand increased by 8% (to 11.2 TWh) in 2018. The country increased its renewable power output significantly, including a 43.6% growth in hydropower (to 4 TWh), while thermal power generation has been reduced by 39% and power imports decreased by 43%. Eventually, around 86% of total power was from renewables in 2018, with 46% from geothermal (with 663 MW of installed capacity), 36% from hydropower, 14% thermal and 3% from wind.

Wind and solar deployments in 2018 were also major with the commissioning of the 310 MW Lake Turkana wind power plant and the 50 MW Garissa solar park (83 MW). These deployments allowed for a 13.7% increase in total installed capacity to 2,712 MW. Wind capacity reached 367 MW and there was a 500% increase in wind power generation from 61.3 GWh in 2017 to 375.6 GWh in 2018.

The country also recorded a 3.2% decline of its oil imports, from 6.3 Mt in 2017 to 6.1 Mt in 2018.

07
May

India's oil import dependence rose to 84% in 2018-2019

According to the Indian Oil ministry's Petroleum Planning and Analysis Cell (PPAC), India's oil import dependence increased from around 81% in 2015-2016 (April 2015-March 2016) to 83% in 2017-2018 and to 84% in 2018-2019, in a context of rising oil consumption and stagnant domestic production. Domestic demand surged by nearly 12% between 2015-2016 and 2017-2018 and grew again in 2018-2019 (+2.6%). On the contrary, domestic production continued to fall (-4.2% in 2018-2019), after a 3.2% drop between 2015-2016 and 2017-2018. For the 2019-2020 year, the PPAC expects crude oil imports to surge again.

The Indian government is seeking to reduce its oil import dependence to 67% by 2022 and is promoting measures to boost domestic production, biofuel consumption and energy savings. On the supply side, the government changed the previous New Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP) to the Hydrocarbon Exploration and Licensing Policy (HELP) that relaxed pricing and marketing rules.