2019 년 [중국] 정제 제품 생산량 증가.
미국의 정제유 생산량은 소비 감소로 인해 7 년 만에 처음으로 감소 (-1.1 %) 했습니다. 중동은 원유 생산 감소에 따라 강한 감소 (-10 %)를 경험했으며 사우디 아라비아 (-8.5 %)와이란 (-30 %)의 생산량이 감소했습니다. 감소 추세는 EU (-1.9 %), 특히 프랑스 (정유 파업으로 9 %)와 스웨덴 (-22 %)에서 계속되었습니다. 경쟁 심화로 정유 공장이 폐쇄 되었기 때문입니다.
정제 능력의 상당한 성장으로 중국에서 생산량이 증가 (+ 6.8 %)하고 인도에서 생산량은 안정화 (-0.4 %)되었습니다. 전반적으로 정제 제품 생산은 라틴 아메리카에서 안정적으로 유지되었으며, 베네수엘라의 큰 감소 (-26 %)는 브라질의 생산 증가 (+ 7.2 %)로 상쇄되었습니다.
According to preliminary data from the Ministry of the Ecological Transition, France’s primary energy consumption decreased by 9.9% in 2020 to 2,571 TWh. Final energy consumption declined by 7.9% to 1,637 TWh in 2020, including 147 TWh for non-energy uses (final consumption for energy use at constant climate declined by 5.6% in 2020). The lockdown measures and travel restrictions had a significant impact on energy consumption in the transport and industrial sectors: energy consumption fell by nearly 16% in transport and by 6.5% in industry. The energy consumption of residential and tertiary building adjusted for climate variations increased slightly (+1.5% with climate corrections).
According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), US greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions fell by 1.7% in 2019 to 5,769 MtCO2eq (including LULUCF), i.e. 13% below their 2005 level. The decrease in total energy consumption in 2019 (compared to 2018) and to a continued shift from coal to gas and renewables in the power sector reduced emissions from fossil fuel combustion.
New Zealand’s gross greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions increased by 2% in 2019 to 82.3 MtCO2eq, according to the New Zealand's Ministry for the Environment. This is due to emission increases in the energy sector (+5%), driven by manufacturing industries and construction, and public power and heat production.
According to the Danish Energy Agency, Denmark’s gross energy consumption fell by 8.5% in 2020, partially due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Consumption of fossil fuels decreased sharply, falling by 21% for natural gas, by 14% for coal and by 13% for oil products (65% fall in jet fuel sales for air transport and noticeable decrease in petroleum sales for road transport over the March-May 2020 period). On the contrary, consumption of renewable energy increased by 1.3%. Consequently, CO2 emissions from fuel combustion declined by 12.4%.