logo Enerdata

전기 국내 소비

세계 전력 소비량은 2009년 이후 처음으로 감소했습니다(2020년 -1.1%)

전기 국내 소비

세계 전력 소비량은 2009년 이후 처음으로 감소했습니다(2020년 -1.1%)

국가 별 내역 (TWh)
Loading...
세계

추세 1990 - 2020 - TWh

Loading...

-3.9%


2020년 미국 전기 소비량 대폭 감소

세계 전력 소비량은 2009년 이후 처음으로 감소했습니다(2020년 -1.1%)

2020년 세계 전기 소비는 1.1% 감소했는데, 이는 2019년의 둔화에도 불구하고 2009년 이후 처음 하락한 수치였으며 2009년~2018년 기간 동안 꾸준했던 상승세와는 대조를 이룹니다. 세계 전기 소비의 29%를 점유하고 있는 중국은 코로나19 위기를 신속히 극복했고 2020년 전기 소비량이 3.1% 성장했습니다(2019년에는 4.5%, 2000년~2018년 동안에는 연간 +10% 상승). 다른 국가들은 코로나19로 중국보다 훨씬 더 많은 타격을 입는데, 특히 이미 하락세를 타고 있던 일부 OECD 국가의 산업 및 상업 부문에서 감소세가 두드러졌습니다. 미국(-3.9%, 2년 연속 하락세), 유럽연합(-4.3%, 독일, 프랑스, 이탈리아, 스페인에서 큰 폭으로 하락), 영국, 일본, 한국, 캐나다에서도 전기 소비량이 감소했습니다. 2000년부터 전기 수요가 치솟다가 2018년부터 둔화되기 시작했던 인도와 남미(특히 브라질과 멕시코) 그리고 아프리카(주로 남아프리카공화국과 알제리)의 전기 소비량도 감소했습니다. 중동의 전기 소비량은 안정세를 유지했습니다(이란에서 증가, 나머지 국가에서 감소).

글로벌 에너지 동향-2021 년판

COVID-19 영향 및 구조적 변화를 포함하여 2020 년 에너지 및 배출 통계를 2021 년 추정치와 통합

간행물 다운로드
글로벌 에너지 및 CO2 데이터

Need more data? All the information presented in this energy data tool are extracted from Global Energy & CO2 Data service, the most comprehensive and up-to-date database on all electricity production sources: hydro, nuclear, thermal, wind, solar, geothermal. Access to the whole electricity value chain information: production capacities by technology, power generation by technology, trade, prices, consumption per sector and indicators.

서비스 소개

24

Jan

China added 53 GW of solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity in 2021, including 29 GW of distributed solar projects, according to the country's National Energy Administration (NEA). The country's total solar capacity reached 306 GW at the end of the year, with 107.5 GW of distributed solar (+29 GW in 2021, i.e., around 55% of all new solar PV capacity added in 2021). More than 40% (21.5 GW) of the total capacity corresponded to residential solar plants (compared to more than 10 GW added in 2020). In 2020, China had added more than 49 GW of solar capacity.

24

Jan

The combined production of fossil fuels (including natural gas, crude oil, and coal) in the United States increased by 2% in 2021, according to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA). In 2021, natural gas accounted for 46% of US production of fossil fuels, followed by crude oil (30%), coal (15%) and NGPL (9%). The public agency forecasts that the country's output of fossil fuels will continue to rise in 2022 and 2023, surpassing the 2019 production level and reaching a new record in 2023. Indeed, natural gas production in the United States, which increased by 2% in 2021, will expand by 3% in 2022 and 2% in 2023. US crude oil production will increase by 6% in 2022 and 5% in 2023, after +1% in 2021. US coal production, which rose by 7% in 2021, will grow by 6% in 2022 and 1% in 2023. Finally, natural gas plant liquids (NGPL) production increased by 4% in 2021 and will rise by 9% in 2022 and 4% in 2023. 

21

Jan

According to Trade Statistics of Japan, Japanese LNG imports declined by 0.2% in 2021 to 74 Mt. In 2020, Japan was the world's largest LNG importer, accounting for around 20% of global imports. However, LNG imports have been declining since 2017 and are now estimated to be lower than China's LNG imports, that grew by nearly 19% in 2021 according to preliminary statistics, making China the largest LNG importer worldwide in 2021.

21

Jan

Renewables accounted for 22.1% of the European Union's gross final energy consumption in 2020, compared to 17.4% in 2015, according to Eurostat. The regional bloc targeted 20% of renewables in gross final energy consumption by 2020. Sweden had by far the highest share among the EU Member States in 2020 (60.1%), followed by Finland (43.8%), Latvia (42.1%), Austria (36.5%) and Portugal (34%). The lowest proportions of renewables were recorded in Malta (10.7%), Luxembourg (11.7%), Belgium (13%) and Hungary (13.9%). France was the only country that missed its 2020 national goal for renewables of 23% with 19.1%. In addition, the share of renewables in electricity consumption rose to 37.5% in 2020 in the EU; they accounted for 23.1% of total energy use for heating and cooling and for 10.2% for transport.