2010-2018년 브릭스(BRICS)의 전 세계 전력 소비 증가 기여도.
전기 소비의 대부분은 아시아에서 증가했습니다(중국이 거의 60%에 육박하면서 소비의 약 80%를 차지). 중국의 전기 수요는 꾸준한 경제성장과 산업 수요에 따라 가속했으며, 인도, 한국, 일본, 인도네시아의 수요도 증가했습니다.
반면, 미국의 전기 소비는 2017년 1% 감소했다가 2018년 2.2% 증가하면서 회복했습니다. 이러한 전기 소비의 대부분은 주로 가전제품(전기 소비량의 약 절반에 해당), 에어컨(미국 가정의 거의 90%가 중앙집중식이거나 가구당 개별 에어컨을 사용)의 전기 소비량이 증가하면서 주거부문에서 발생했습니다(6.2% 증가). 캐나다, 브라질, 러시아는 경제성장과 산업수요로 인해 전력 소비가 증가했으며, 아프리카(특히 이집트)와 중동(이란 주도)에서도 전력 소비가 증가했습니다.
2017년과 마찬가지로 2018년 유럽의 전기 소비의 경우 프랑스와 독일은 감소하고 영국, 이탈리아, 스페인은 정체했으며, 네덜란드, 폴란드, 터키는 증가해 전반적으로 안정적인 상태를 유지했습니다.
According to preliminary data from the National Bureau of Statistics, China’s fossil fuel production continued to rise in 2019. China’s raw coal production increased by 4.2% in 2019, in line with the continuing of the supply-side structural reform. Coal imports also rose by 6.3%, benefiting from declining prices. The decline in crude oil production since 2015 reversed in 2019, as the major domestic oil fields had a stable production growth trend and crude oil production rose by 0.8%. In addition, crude oil imports rose by 9.5% and inputs to Chinese refineries rose by 7.6%. China's gas production soared by 9.8% in 2019, while imports rose by 6.9%. Finally, power generation increased by 3.5%.
According to the Ministry of Energy and Mines of Peru, power generation in Peru rose by 3.8% in 2019. Thermal power generation grew by 5%, while renewable power generation increased significantly: wind power generation rose by 10% and solar generation by 2%. Hydropower generation posted a 29% surge in December 2019, compared to December 2018. In December 2019, most of electricity output was generated in the central zone of Peru (80%), 12% in the southern regions, 6% in the northern region and 1.5% in the east.
According to the Central Electricity Authority of India, electricity consumption increased by only 1.1% in 2019, its slowest annual pace since 2013. In December 2019, electricity consumption declined for the fifth month in a row, reaching 100.8 TWh (-0.5% compared with December 2018), despite a rise in consumption in the industrialised states of Maharashtra and Gujarat. Electricity consumption had fallen by 13% in October 2019 (compared to October 2018), its steepest drop in 12 years, reflecting a slowdown in industrial consumption. In October 2019, the IMF lowered its growth forecast for India by 0.9 point to 6.1% in 2019.
According to preliminary data from the General Administration of Customs, China’s energy imports continued to increase in 2019. Crude oil imports rose by 9.5% to nearly 506 Mt (10.1 mb/d), as two 400,000 bbl/d refineries commissioned in 2019 – Hengli Petrochemical in Dalian (northeast China) and Zhejiang Petroleum and Chemical in Zhoushan (eastern China) – are fostering China’s crude oil demand. Meanwhile, imports of petroleum products declined by 8.7% in 2019 to 31 Mt, and that of fuel oil by nearly 11% to less than 15 Mt. Natural gas imports continued to grow in 2019 (+6.9%), as China is seeking to raise the share of gas in its energy mix. Coal and lignite imports increased again (+6.3%), reaching 300 Mt.