미국 가스 소비의 주요 증가 (전 세계 증가분의 절반에 해당).
미국과 중국에 힘입어 2018년 전 세계 가스 소비는 가속화했으며, 이는 추가 소비량의 약 3분의 2에 해당합니다. 전력부문(15 GW이상의 신규 가스연료 발전소)과 건물로 인해 2018년 미국 가스 수요는 10% 증가했는데, 이는 지난 30년 동안 최고치에 해당하는 것입니다.
중국은 전력 및 난방 부문에서 석탄-가스 대체 정책에 따라 가스 소비가 가속했습니다(18% 증가). 이러한 가스 소비 증가는 지속적으로 경제성장을 달성한 인도와 한국에서도 관찰됩니다. 단, 일본은 원자로를 재가동해 가스연료 발전의 필요성이 감소하면서 소비도 감소했습니다.
러시아는 (2017년보다 더디긴 하지만) 가스 소비가 계속 증가했으며 캐나다, 이란, 알제리는 소비가 가속했습니다.
유럽 중에서도 특히 터키, 프랑스, 독일, 이탈리아는 경제성장에도 불구하고 높은 기온, 원자력 및 수력발전의 가용성 향상, 재생가능 발전의 증가로 가스 소비가 감소했습니다.
According to preliminary data from the National Bureau of Statistics, China’s fossil fuel production continued to rise in 2019. China’s raw coal production increased by 4.2% in 2019, in line with the continuing of the supply-side structural reform. Coal imports also rose by 6.3%, benefiting from declining prices. The decline in crude oil production since 2015 reversed in 2019, as the major domestic oil fields had a stable production growth trend and crude oil production rose by 0.8%. In addition, crude oil imports rose by 9.5% and inputs to Chinese refineries rose by 7.6%. China's gas production soared by 9.8% in 2019, while imports rose by 6.9%. Finally, power generation increased by 3.5%.
According to the Ministry of Energy and Mines of Peru, power generation in Peru rose by 3.8% in 2019. Thermal power generation grew by 5%, while renewable power generation increased significantly: wind power generation rose by 10% and solar generation by 2%. Hydropower generation posted a 29% surge in December 2019, compared to December 2018. In December 2019, most of electricity output was generated in the central zone of Peru (80%), 12% in the southern regions, 6% in the northern region and 1.5% in the east.
According to the Central Electricity Authority of India, electricity consumption increased by only 1.1% in 2019, its slowest annual pace since 2013. In December 2019, electricity consumption declined for the fifth month in a row, reaching 100.8 TWh (-0.5% compared with December 2018), despite a rise in consumption in the industrialised states of Maharashtra and Gujarat. Electricity consumption had fallen by 13% in October 2019 (compared to October 2018), its steepest drop in 12 years, reflecting a slowdown in industrial consumption. In October 2019, the IMF lowered its growth forecast for India by 0.9 point to 6.1% in 2019.
According to preliminary data from the General Administration of Customs, China’s energy imports continued to increase in 2019. Crude oil imports rose by 9.5% to nearly 506 Mt (10.1 mb/d), as two 400,000 bbl/d refineries commissioned in 2019 – Hengli Petrochemical in Dalian (northeast China) and Zhejiang Petroleum and Chemical in Zhoushan (eastern China) – are fostering China’s crude oil demand. Meanwhile, imports of petroleum products declined by 8.7% in 2019 to 31 Mt, and that of fuel oil by nearly 11% to less than 15 Mt. Natural gas imports continued to grow in 2019 (+6.9%), as China is seeking to raise the share of gas in its energy mix. Coal and lignite imports increased again (+6.3%), reaching 300 Mt.