아랍 에미레이트 전력 믹스에서 태양열과 풍력의 비중이 2019 년에 세 배 증가했습니다..
2019 년에는 재생 가능한 발전이 계속해서 빠른 속도로 성장하면서 (풍력의 경우 +12%, 태양의 경우 +24%) 열 (특히 석탄의 경우) 증가함에 따라 전 세계 전력 믹스에서 풍력과 태양열의 비중이 1.1pt 증가했습니다. 특히, 석탄 화력 - 전력 발전량이 감소했습니다. 해상 풍력 발전은 벨기에, 독일, 영국의 급증에 힘 입어 지난 2 년 동안 5.5GW의 해상 풍력을 생산하며 20% 증가했습니다.
감소하는 비용과 야심찬 재생 가능 정책은 풍력 및 태양열 용량 추가를 가속화하는 데 기여했습니다 (각각 + 60GW 및 + 97GW). 이것은 중국 (풍력과 태양열 발전이 각각 10%와 31% 증가하여 전력 믹스의 거의 9%로 증가), 미국 (각각 +9% 및 15%, 거의 10%로 증가), EU, 일본, 인도, 호주 및 라틴 아메리카 (칠레, 브라질, 멕시코 및 아르헨티나에서 강력한 추진력)에서 풍력과 태양열의 점유율을 높였습니다. 풍력 및 태양열 기술은 여전히 적은 점유율에도 불구하고 이집트와 아랍 에미리트에서 발전하고 있습니다. 아프리카와 화석 연료 생산 지역 (CIS 및 중동)에서는 여전히 한계가 있습니다.
Energy-related CO2 emissions in the European Union contracted by 10% in 2020, as a result of COVID-19 containment measures that had a significant impact on transport and industrial activities. CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion decreased in all countries, with the largest contractions in Greece (-19%), Estonia, Luxembourg (-18% each), Spain (-16%) and Denmark (-15%). They fell by around 9% in Germany (25% of EU's total energy-related CO2 emissions), and by around 11% in Italy (12% of total emissions) and France (11% of total emissions). Emissions cuts were limited in Malta (-1%), Hungary (-1.7%), Ireland and Lithuania (both -2.6%).
According to preliminary data from the Ministry of the Ecological Transition, the share of renewables in France’s final energy consumption reached 19.1% in 2020, including 24.8% for electricity, 23.3% for heating and 9.2% for transports. The growth of renewable energies in France has been important since 2005, especially with the development of biofuels, solid biomass, heat pumps, wind and solar power. The country, which aimed to achieve a target of a 23% share of renewables in final consumption by 2020, including 27% for electricity, 33% for heating and cooling and 10% for transports, has missed its targets.
Switzerland’s electricity consumption declined by 2.6% in 2020 to 55.7 TWh, according to the Swiss Federal Office of Energy. This decline was due to the COVID-19 related lockdowns (-4.3% in electricity consumption in the first quarter and -7.8% in the second quarter of 2020), and to economic trends (2.9% drop in the GDP), weather conditions (the number of heating degree days fell by 4.4% compared to 2019) and energy efficiency improvements to a lesser extent.
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from operators covered by the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) fell by 13.3% in 2020, due to an 11.2% decrease in emissions from stationary installations (power plants and manufacturing plants) to 1.331 MtCO2eq and a 64.1% decrease in emissions from aviation, a sector which was severely impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, to 24.5 MtCO2eq.
The power sector posted a 14.9% decrease, as a result of reduced electricity consumption due to the pandemic and continued decarbonisation trends, including both the switch from coal to gas-fired power generation, and the replacement of fossil fuels by renewables. In addition, emissions from industry decreased by an average of 7%, with reductions observed in most sectors, including iron and steel (-11.7%), cement (-5.1%), chemicals (-4%) and refineries (-8.1%).