중국의 에너지 소비 증가율.
2009년부터 세계 최대 에너지 소비국인 중국의 지속적인 경제성장과 수요 증가에 힘입어, 2018년 전 세계 에너지 소비량이 크게 증가했습니다. 중국의 에너지 소비량은 전력발전, 강력한 산업요구, 차량증가로 운송연료 소비량이 증가하면서 2012년 이래 최고치를 기록했습니다.
2018년 미국 총 에너지 소비량은 2017년보다 3.5% 증가해 2.3 Gtoe로 사상 최고치를 기록했는데, 이는 부분적으로 기상조건(더운 여름, 추운 겨울)에 따른 것입니다.
이와 반대로 유럽연합의 에너지 소비는 1% 감소했는데, 특히 독일이 3.5% 감소했습니다. 이는 부분적으로 전력부문의 소비 감소, 포근한 겨울, 소비 감소 및 에너지 효율 향상에 따른 것입니다.
According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), US LNG exports have been rising steadily since 2017, to 4.7 bcf/d (133 mcm/d) in May 2019. The recent LNG exports level makes the United States the third-largest LNG exporter in the first five months of the year with an average of 4.2 bcf/d (119 mcm/d), over the January-May 2019 period. The United States expects to remain the third-largest LNG exporter in the world in 2019-2020, behind Australia and Qatar.
According to the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Organization of Iran (also known as SATBA), Iran's installed renewable power capacity reached 760 MW in July 2019. Most of this renewable capacity consists of solar PV (330 MW) and wind (300 MW). Currently, there are 115 renewable power plants operational in the country and another 32 facilities under construction, which will add 380 MW. According to the Energy Ministry of Iran, renewables have attracted more than IRR124,000bn (US$2.9bn) of investment in recent years and now cover nearly 1% of the power mix, allowing Iran to reduce its gas consumption by 1 bcm/year so far.
According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), operators of coal-fired power plants announced the retirement of 546 coal-fired power units totalling 102 GW of capacity between 2010 and the first quarter of 2019. The majority of retirements came in 2015, with 15 GW (mostly 130 MW units with 56 years of operation), followed by 2018 with 13 GW (mostly 350 MW units with 46 years of operation). Another 17 GW of coal-fired capacity will be retired in the United States by the end of 2025, including 7 GW by the end of 2019.
According to the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) of India, renewable power capacity in India has exceeded the 80 GW mark, with 80,460 MW of renewable capacity operational as of 30 June 2019, including 29,550 MW of solar capacity and 36,370 MW of wind power capacity. In addition, power purchase agreements (PPAs) have already been signed for an additional 9.2 GW of solar power projects.