베네수엘라의 생산 감소 및 제재로 5 년 연속 라틴 아메리카의 석유 제품 소비 감소.
2019 년 전 세계 석유 제품 소비는 산업 활동의 둔화와 북극의 기온이 평균 겨울 기온보다 더 따뜻해지면서 2000-2018 기간보다 훨씬 느린 속도로 증가했습니다 (+ 0.3 % 대 + 1 % / 년). 석유 제품 소비는 산업 및 석유 화학 부문의 수요 감소 (프로젝트 지연)와 자동차 판매량 감소로 인해 세계 최대 소비국인 미국에서 0.5 % 감소했습니다. 또한 일본 (난방 수요 감소 대비 -4.1 %), 라틴 아메리카 (미국 제재 대비 베네수엘라 -12 %, 멕시코 -4.5 %, 브라질 -1.3 %), 중동 및 아프리카에서도 감소세를 보였습니다.
석유 제품 소비는 중국 (신규 정유 커미셔닝으로 + 6.6 %), 인도네시아 (+6.6%), 인도 (+2.9%)를 중심으로 증가하였고, 산업 및 운송 수요가 증가하여 소폭으로 증가한 독일 +2.1%를 포함하여 CIS (+1.2%) 및 EU (+0.7%)도 증가세를 보였습니다.
According to the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre, global CO2 emissions from energy combustion increased by 0.9% to 38 GtCO2 in 2019, driven by China (+3.4%, accounting for 30% of global emissions) and India (+1.6%, 7% of global emissions). Meanwhile, Japan (3% of global emissions) reduced its energy-related CO2 emissions by 2.1%, the United States (13% of total emissions) by 2.6% and Russia (5% of total emissions) by 0.8%.
According to the European Commission, primary energy consumption declined by 0.7% in 2018 (-0.1% only for final energy consumption), which is insufficient to meet the 2020 targets. The highest annual reductions in primary energy consumption were posted in Belgium, Austria and Greece, whereas the largest increases were observed in Estonia, Latvia and Luxembourg. Between 2005 and 2018, primary energy consumption decreased in all Member States except Estonia, Cyprus, Latvia and Poland. Primary energy intensity fell in all Member States between 2005 and 2018; however, it grew in Denmark, Estonia and Luxemburg in recent years (between 2015 and 2018).
According to the Swiss government, final energy consumption in Switzerland slightly increased in 2019 (+0.3%) due to cooler temperatures, economic growth (+0.9%), demographic growth (+0.7%) and increasing fleet of motor vehicles (+0.8%). This rising trend was offset by continued energy efficiency and substitution effects.
According to preliminary figures from Citepa, France’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions declined by 0.9% in 2019, from 445 MtCO2eq in 2018 to 441 MtCO2eq in 2019. This is due to a decline in GHG emissions from the residential and tertiary sector (-2.7%, i.e. -2.2 MtCO2eq, with a 2.3% drop for households and a 3.2% decline for services), in the energy sector (-0.7%, including -1.5% for power generation), and in waste processing (-2.2%). In 2019, CO2 emissions dipped by 1%, from 331.5 Mt to 328.2 Mt (-3.3 Mt), while methane emissions contracted by 0.7% (-0.4 MtCO2eq).