이탈리아의 석유제품 소비 감소
크게 줄어든 경제 활동과 봉쇄 조치로 인해 석유제품의 세계적인 수요 성장률이 감소(-9%)했습니다.
세계 석유제품 소비량은 코로나19 대유행, 봉쇄 조치 및 교통 제한으로 인해 심각한 영향을 받았으며(-9%) 특히 선진 경제국의 피해가 컸습니다(OECD에서 -11%). 석유제품 소비량은 세계 최대 소비국인 미국에서 12% 감소했으며, 팬데믹으로 인해서 특히 교통 부문에서 수요가 위축된 것이 원인이었습니다. 일본(-8.3%) 이외에도 이탈리아와 스페인에서 -19%, 프랑스에서의 -14% 감소하여 유럽연합(-11%) 전체적으로도 석유제품 소비량이 감소했습니다. 석유제품 소비량은 인도(-10%)와 인도네시아(-4.4%)를 중심으로 아시아에서도 감소했으며(-2.7%), CIS(-3.2%), 남미(-11%, 멕시코와 콜롬비아의 -17% 포함), 중동(-7.2%) 및 아프리카(-11%)에서도 마찬가지였습니다.
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According to the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), 6.1 GW of offshore wind capacity was installed in 2020 (down from 6.2 GW in 2019), including 3 GW in China, 1.5 GW in the Netherlands, and 0.7 GW in Belgium. More than 35 GW of offshore wind capacity is currently operational, with 29% of the total in the UK, 28% in China and 22% in Germany.
South Africa’s total greenhouse gas emissions excluding FOLU (forestry and other land use) increased by 14% between 2000 and 2017 to 513 MtCO2eq, according to the country’s 7th National Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Inventory Report. The energy sector is the largest contributor to emissions excluding FOLU (80%) and is responsible for 97% of the increase over 2000-2017. Energy industries were responsible for 61% of emissions from the energy sector in 2017. This was followed by transport (13%), other sectors (9%) and manufacturing industries and construction (7%).
According to the Turkish Electricity Transmission Corporation (TEIAŞ), installed wind capacity in Turkey reached the 10 GW threshold in early August 2021. Most of the capacity is located in the Izmir province (1.7 GW), followed by Balıkesir (1,300 MW), Çanakkale (850 MW), Manisa (750 MW), and Istanbul (420 MW). Wind represented 10% of the installed capacity connected to the transmission network (10,010 MW out of 98,800 MW) and over half (51.9 GW) was considered "clean" electricity. In the first half of 2021, wind power accounted for around 9% of the power generation, replacing nearly US$1bn in gas imports.
According to preliminary statistics from the Indian Ministry of Coal, India’s production of non-coking coal and lignite declined by 1.7% in the fiscal year 2020-21 to 708 Mt, including 671 Mt of non-coking coal (-1%) and 37 Mt of lignite (-12%). Of the total output of non-coking coal, 96% was produced the public sector, including 83% by Coal India Limited (CIL). Most of the lignite was extracted by NLC India Limited (53%). The country imported 164 Mt of non-coking coal in 2020-21 (-17%), mainly from Indonesia (56%), South Africa (19%) and Australia (11%).