국가 별 내역 (Mt)

세계

-3.3%

중남미의 석유제품 소비 감소는 4년 연속 이어졌습니다.

운송 및 석유화학 부문이 확장하면서 2018년 세계 석유제품의 수요는 0.9% 올랐습니다

특히 미국이 석유화학제품과 운송부문에서 연료소비가 증가해 2018년 석유제품의 수요가 많아지면서 소비도 상승했습니다.
아시아의 수요 증가가 가장 컸는데, 중국 6%, 인도 2.7%가 증가했고 태국과 인도네시아는 이 보다는 적게 증가했습니다(일본은 감소). 세계 최대 소비국인 미국은 주로 산업수요 때문에 석유제품 소비가 2.5% 증가했습니다.
러시아는 산업과 운송 수요가 계속 부진해 석유제품 소비는 0.5% 증가율을 보여 거의 증가하지 않았으며, 유럽연합은 0.6% 감소했습니다. 2014년부터 계속 감소추세에 있던 중남미의 석유제품 소비는 2018년 가장 큰 폭으로 하락했습니다3.3% 하락. 멕시코의 석유 생산 감소와 가격인상, 베네수엘라에 가해진 국제제재가 그 이유입니다.

세계 에너지 동향, 2019 년판

Enerdata는 G20 국가들의 2018 년 데이터 바탕으로 세계 에너지 시장의 동향을 분석합니다.

간행물 다운로드

Global Energy & CO2 Data

에너지 공급, 수요, 가격, 온실가스 배출에 관한 종합적인 최신 데이터베이스에 접근 가능(189개국).

무료 트라이얼

20
Jan

Chinese coal production and imports rose by 4.2% and 6.3% in 2019

According to preliminary data from the National Bureau of Statistics, China’s fossil fuel production continued to rise in 2019. China’s raw coal production increased by 4.2% in 2019, in line with the continuing of the supply-side structural reform. Coal imports also rose by 6.3%, benefiting from declining prices. The decline in crude oil production since 2015 reversed in 2019, as the major domestic oil fields had a stable production growth trend and crude oil production rose by 0.8%. In addition, crude oil imports rose by 9.5% and inputs to Chinese refineries rose by 7.6%. China's gas production soared by  9.8% in 2019, while imports rose by 6.9%. Finally, power generation increased by 3.5%.

20
Jan

Peru's power generation rose by 3.8% in 2019

According to the Ministry of Energy and Mines of Peru, power generation in Peru rose by 3.8% in 2019. Thermal power generation grew by 5%, while renewable power generation increased significantly: wind power generation rose by 10% and solar generation by 2%. Hydropower generation posted a 29% surge in December 2019, compared to December 2018. In December 2019, most of electricity output was generated in the central zone of Peru (80%), 12% in the southern regions, 6% in the northern region and 1.5% in the east.

16
Jan

Electricity consumption increased by 1.1% in India in 2019

According to the Central Electricity Authority of India, electricity consumption increased by only 1.1% in 2019, its slowest annual pace since 2013. In December 2019, electricity consumption declined for the fifth month in a row, reaching 100.8 TWh (-0.5% compared with December 2018), despite a rise in consumption in the industrialised states of Maharashtra and Gujarat. Electricity consumption had fallen by 13% in October 2019 (compared to October 2018), its steepest drop in 12 years, reflecting a slowdown in industrial consumption. In October 2019, the IMF lowered its growth forecast for India by 0.9 point to 6.1% in 2019.

15
Jan

China's crude oil imports rose by 9.5% in 2019, gas imports by 6.9%

According to preliminary data from the General Administration of Customs, China’s energy imports continued to increase in 2019. Crude oil imports rose by 9.5% to nearly 506 Mt (10.1 mb/d), as two 400,000 bbl/d refineries commissioned in 2019 – Hengli Petrochemical in Dalian (northeast China) and Zhejiang Petroleum and Chemical in Zhoushan (eastern China) – are fostering China’s crude oil demand. Meanwhile, imports of petroleum products declined by 8.7% in 2019 to 31 Mt, and that of fuel oil by nearly 11% to less than 15 Mt. Natural gas imports continued to grow in 2019 (+6.9%), as China is seeking to raise the share of gas in its energy mix. Coal and lignite imports increased again (+6.3%), reaching 300 Mt.​ 


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