중남미의 석유제품 소비 감소는 4년 연속 이어졌습니다.
특히 미국이 석유화학제품과 운송부문에서 연료소비가 증가해 2018년 석유제품의 수요가 많아지면서 소비도 상승했습니다.
아시아의 수요 증가가 가장 컸는데, 중국 6%, 인도 2.7%가 증가했고 태국과 인도네시아는 이 보다는 적게 증가했습니다(일본은 감소). 세계 최대 소비국인 미국은 주로 산업수요 때문에 석유제품 소비가 2.5% 증가했습니다.
러시아는 산업과 운송 수요가 계속 부진해 석유제품 소비는 0.5% 증가율을 보여 거의 증가하지 않았으며, 유럽연합은 0.6% 감소했습니다. 2014년부터 계속 감소추세에 있던 중남미의 석유제품 소비는 2018년 가장 큰 폭으로 하락했습니다3.3% 하락. 멕시코의 석유 생산 감소와 가격인상, 베네수엘라에 가해진 국제제재가 그 이유입니다.
According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), US LNG exports have been rising steadily since 2017, to 4.7 bcf/d (133 mcm/d) in May 2019. The recent LNG exports level makes the United States the third-largest LNG exporter in the first five months of the year with an average of 4.2 bcf/d (119 mcm/d), over the January-May 2019 period. The United States expects to remain the third-largest LNG exporter in the world in 2019-2020, behind Australia and Qatar.
According to the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Organization of Iran (also known as SATBA), Iran's installed renewable power capacity reached 760 MW in July 2019. Most of this renewable capacity consists of solar PV (330 MW) and wind (300 MW). Currently, there are 115 renewable power plants operational in the country and another 32 facilities under construction, which will add 380 MW. According to the Energy Ministry of Iran, renewables have attracted more than IRR124,000bn (US$2.9bn) of investment in recent years and now cover nearly 1% of the power mix, allowing Iran to reduce its gas consumption by 1 bcm/year so far.
According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), operators of coal-fired power plants announced the retirement of 546 coal-fired power units totalling 102 GW of capacity between 2010 and the first quarter of 2019. The majority of retirements came in 2015, with 15 GW (mostly 130 MW units with 56 years of operation), followed by 2018 with 13 GW (mostly 350 MW units with 46 years of operation). Another 17 GW of coal-fired capacity will be retired in the United States by the end of 2025, including 7 GW by the end of 2019.
According to the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) of India, renewable power capacity in India has exceeded the 80 GW mark, with 80,460 MW of renewable capacity operational as of 30 June 2019, including 29,550 MW of solar capacity and 36,370 MW of wind power capacity. In addition, power purchase agreements (PPAs) have already been signed for an additional 9.2 GW of solar power projects.