국가 별 내역 (Mt)

세계

-3.7%

사우디 아라비아는 OPEC 협정에 따라 2017년에 원유 생산을 중단했다.

2017년 원유 생산량, 안정세 유지 (0.1%)

2016년 11월 30일 OPEC 국가와 비 OPEC 생산국 간 대규모 석유 생산량 삭감 협약에 따라 사우디 아라비아, 쿠웨이트, 아랍 에미레이트 또는 알제리아의 대규모 감산 및 러시아 안정 생산에 대해 협의 하였다. 이번 합의는 국제 유가 상승에 성공했고 이로 인해 비 OPEC 국가인 미국, 캐나다, 카자흐스탄 및 감소에 면제 된 OPEC국가인 이란 또는 나이지리아는 생산량을 늘렸다. 이란의 석유 생산량은 국제 제재가 끝난 덕분에 2015년-2017년 사이에 1/3 상승했다.
반대로 원유 생산량은 2008년 이래 최저 수준으로 다시 감소했다. 2016년의 낮은 가격으로 인해 생산자는 유전에 대한 투자를 줄였기 때문이다.
남미의 석유 생산량은 일부 대형 생산국에서 생산량 감소로 3년 연속 감소했지만 브라질에서는 계속 증가했다 (1980년부터 멕시코에서 그리고 1990년부터 베네수엘라에서 석유 생산량이 최저 수준에 도달했다).

세계 에너지 동향, 2018 년판

Enerdata는 G20 국가들의 2017 년 데이터 바탕으로 세계 에너지 시장의 동향을 분석합니다.

간행물 다운로드

Global Energy & CO2 Data

에너지 공급, 수요, 가격, 온실가스 배출에 관한 종합적인 최신 데이터베이스에 접근 가능(189개국).

무료 트라이얼

18
Apr

US primary energy consumption increased by 4% in 2018

According to the United States Energy Information Administration (EIA), US primary energy consumption increased by 4% in 2018 and superseded the previous record set in 2007 by 0.3%. The 2018 energy consumption increase was the largest since 2010 both in absolute and percentage terms.

The main driver was the consumption of fossil fuels such as petroleum, natural gas, and coal as it grew by 4% in 2018 and accounted for 80% of the total primary energy consumption. More specifically, natural gas consumption rose by 10% from 2017, driven by weather-related factors and by the power sector (higher demand for space heating and for air conditionning and for power generation) and offset a 4% decline in coal consumption. Coal-fired power plants continued to be replaced with gas-fired power plants: in 2018, nearly 13 GW of coal-fired power capacity were retired, while 14.6 GW of net natural gas-fired capacity were added.

Renewable energy consumption rose by 3%, spurred by new wind and solar power plant installations: wind power consumption grew by 8%, while solar electricity consumption increased by 22%. Biomass consumption (mainly biomass for transport), which accounted for 45% of all renewable energy consumption in 2018, slightly increased in 2018 (+1%), while hydropower consumption declined by 3%. Nuclear consumption also posted a moderate increase in 2018 (+1%), despite a record for nuclear power generation.

18
Apr

Japan's CO2 emissions fell for 4th year in a row in fiscal 2017-2018

According to the Japanese government, the domestic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions dropped by 1.2% in fiscal 2017-2018 (April 2017-March 2018) to an eight-year low. It was the fourth straight year of decline, which was mainly driven by the increased use of renewable energies and the restart of several nuclear reactors. GHG emissions totalled 1.3 GtCO2eq during the fiscal year, in line with Japan's target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from fiscal 2013 levels by fiscal 2030 by 26%. The observed reduction stood at 8.4% at the end of fiscal 2017.

Japan's emissions rose significantly after the Fukushima 2011 nuclear disaster, as the country shut down all its operational reactors and subsequently increased the use of thermal power generation. However, it turned to a decline in fiscal 2014-2015 with the help of new renewable energy production and the introduction of energy-efficiency measures.

17
Apr

The United States exported 2 mb/d of crude oil to 42 destinations in 2018

According to the United States Energy Information Administration (EIA), US exports of crude oil neardly doubled in 2018, from 1.2 mb/d in 2017 to 2 mb/d in 2018. The primary driver behind rising exports is the increase of the domestic crude oul output (+17% in 2018) to an average of 10.9 mb/d. Most of the increase in production is related to the Gulf Coast states (7.1 mb/d, i.e. 65% of domestic production), the departure point for more than 90% of U.S. crude oil exports.

Besides, the destination of export volumes changed significantly during the year, as crude oil exports to China nosedived, while exports to other destinations such as South Korea, Taiwan, and Canada increased. In 2018, Asia was the main destination for US crude oil exports - South Korea overtook China as the second-largest destination for US crude oil exports in 2018 (respectively 236,000 bbl/d and 228,000 bbl/d) - followed by Europe and Canada (largest destiantion with 378,000 bbl/d, i.e. 19% of total exports). China was the largest single destination for US crude oil exports in the first half of 2018 but China included US crude oil on a list of goods potentially subject to higher import tariffs, and the United States exported no crude oil between August and October 2018.

16
Apr

South Pars gas condensates production increased by 5% in 2018 (Iran)

According to data unveiled by the Iranian authorities, the South Pars gas complex produced 250 mbl of gas condensates in 2018, which is 5% more than in 2017. As of today, the project accounts for 67% of the country's natural gas production and for 92% of its gas condensate production. Out of the asset's 24 planned phases, 22 phases are operating and phase 14 is being completed. Phase 11 has not been developed so far, after Chinese state-run oil and gas company CNPC and French energy group Total decided not to go ahead with the project in a context of US sanctions against Iran; Iran's National Oil Company has not announced any new plans related to this phase so far.

The South Pars / North Dome gas field is the largest in the world and is shared between Iran and Qatar. The Iranian asset is divided into 24 phases: phases 1-10 are intended for domestic consumption and injection into Iranian oil fields, while gas from the other phases should be exported. Gas production will ramp up to 750 mcm/d in late 2019 and all the phases are expected to be operational by March 2020. This will be a key contribution to Iran's gas production, which is predicted to reach 880 mcm/d by 2020 and 950 mcm/d by 2021, respectively.