국가 별 내역 (Mt)

세계

16.5%

미국의 원유생산 급증.

전 세계 원유 생산량은 16.5%에 달하는 미국의 폭발적인 증가에 힘 입어 2% 증가했습니다

과거 생산감축으로 가격이 상당히 올랐다고 여겨지면서 2018년 6월 석유 수출국 기구(OPEC) 회원국은 공급부족을 예방하고 가격을 낮추기 위해 석유 생산을 늘리기로 합의했습니다. 이로 인해 전 세계 가격은 안정되었으나 이후 이란 석유수출에 대한 미국의 제재가 예상되면서 가격은 다시 올랐습니다.
미국은 셰일 보유량이 풍부해 석유를 탐사 추출하는 경우가 많아졌습니다. 이에 원유생산이 상당히 증가해 단일 국가로서는 원유생산이 늘어 연간 최대를 기록했습니다. 온라인 신규 프로젝트, 석유에 대한 지속적인 수요와 높은 가격(2017년 보다 배럴당 미화 14달러 높음)이 그 이유입니다. 석유 생산은 러시아, 중동(이란 제외), 아프리카에서도 계속 증가했습니다.
반면, 중남미의 석유 생산은 전반적으로 감소했습니다. 베네수엘라의 정치문제와 미국의 제재로 인해 석유 생산은 29% 감소했으며, 이는 미국 증가량의 3분의 1에 해당하는 것입니다. 마찬가지로, 국제 제재가 재개된 이후 이란의 석유 생산은 7% 감소했습니다.

세계 에너지 동향, 2019 년판

Enerdata는 G20 국가들의 2018 년 데이터 바탕으로 세계 에너지 시장의 동향을 분석합니다.

간행물 다운로드

Global Energy & CO2 Data

에너지 공급, 수요, 가격, 온실가스 배출에 관한 종합적인 최신 데이터베이스에 접근 가능(189개국).

무료 트라이얼

20
Jan

Chinese coal production and imports rose by 4.2% and 6.3% in 2019

According to preliminary data from the National Bureau of Statistics, China’s fossil fuel production continued to rise in 2019. China’s raw coal production increased by 4.2% in 2019, in line with the continuing of the supply-side structural reform. Coal imports also rose by 6.3%, benefiting from declining prices. The decline in crude oil production since 2015 reversed in 2019, as the major domestic oil fields had a stable production growth trend and crude oil production rose by 0.8%. In addition, crude oil imports rose by 9.5% and inputs to Chinese refineries rose by 7.6%. China's gas production soared by  9.8% in 2019, while imports rose by 6.9%. Finally, power generation increased by 3.5%.

20
Jan

Peru's power generation rose by 3.8% in 2019

According to the Ministry of Energy and Mines of Peru, power generation in Peru rose by 3.8% in 2019. Thermal power generation grew by 5%, while renewable power generation increased significantly: wind power generation rose by 10% and solar generation by 2%. Hydropower generation posted a 29% surge in December 2019, compared to December 2018. In December 2019, most of electricity output was generated in the central zone of Peru (80%), 12% in the southern regions, 6% in the northern region and 1.5% in the east.

16
Jan

Electricity consumption increased by 1.1% in India in 2019

According to the Central Electricity Authority of India, electricity consumption increased by only 1.1% in 2019, its slowest annual pace since 2013. In December 2019, electricity consumption declined for the fifth month in a row, reaching 100.8 TWh (-0.5% compared with December 2018), despite a rise in consumption in the industrialised states of Maharashtra and Gujarat. Electricity consumption had fallen by 13% in October 2019 (compared to October 2018), its steepest drop in 12 years, reflecting a slowdown in industrial consumption. In October 2019, the IMF lowered its growth forecast for India by 0.9 point to 6.1% in 2019.

15
Jan

China's crude oil imports rose by 9.5% in 2019, gas imports by 6.9%

According to preliminary data from the General Administration of Customs, China’s energy imports continued to increase in 2019. Crude oil imports rose by 9.5% to nearly 506 Mt (10.1 mb/d), as two 400,000 bbl/d refineries commissioned in 2019 – Hengli Petrochemical in Dalian (northeast China) and Zhejiang Petroleum and Chemical in Zhoushan (eastern China) – are fostering China’s crude oil demand. Meanwhile, imports of petroleum products declined by 8.7% in 2019 to 31 Mt, and that of fuel oil by nearly 11% to less than 15 Mt. Natural gas imports continued to grow in 2019 (+6.9%), as China is seeking to raise the share of gas in its energy mix. Coal and lignite imports increased again (+6.3%), reaching 300 Mt.​ 


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