국가 별 내역 (kCO2/$2015p)

세계

-4.2%

2018년 유럽연합의 이산화탄소 집약도 감소.

1990년 이래 전 세계 이산화탄소 집약도 감소(1.6% 감소)의 정기적 둔화

2018년 이산화탄소 집약도는 1.7% 감소했는데, 이는 2000-2017년 연간 평균 1.5% 감소한 것에 비하면 나아진 것이지만 파리 협정 목표에는 못 미치는 수준입니다. 배출량과 경제의 상관관계 측면에서 보면, 세계경제의 확장이 배출량 증가를 넘어섰다고 할 수 있습니다. 중국(1990년 이산화탄소 집약도의 3분의 1에 해당)과 인도 같이 배출량이 많은 국가에서 이산화탄소 집약도가 향상했는데, 이는 이산화탄소 집약 절차의 의존을 줄이면서 경제적으로 적합할 수 있다는 가능성이기도 합니다. 전 세계에서 이산화탄소 집약도가 가장 낮은 유럽연합의 경우, 프랑스, 독일, 영국 등 대다수 회원국에서 배출량이 감소하면서 2018년에는 4.2%가 감소했습니다.
반면, 2018년 북미에서는 이산화탄소 집약도가 0.2% 소폭 증가했으며, 러시아(2.1% 증가)와 아프리카(알제리와 나이지리아에서 약 3% 증가)에서는 상당 수준 증가했습니다.

세계 에너지 동향, 2019 년판

Enerdata는 G20 국가들의 2018 년 데이터 바탕으로 세계 에너지 시장의 동향을 분석합니다.

간행물 다운로드

Global Energy & CO2 Data

에너지 공급, 수요, 가격, 온실가스 배출에 관한 종합적인 최신 데이터베이스에 접근 가능(189개국).

무료 트라이얼

25
May

China failed to meet its energy efficiency target for 2019

According to the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), China energy intensity, which measures the amount of energy needed to generate one unit of GDP, decreased by 2.6% in 2019, which was lower than the Chinese government target of 3% cut. The country felt short of its energy efficiency goals in 2019 due to the fast growth in the economic sector of steel, building materials, non-ferrous metals, chemicals, and the services. However, the NDRC also announced that the country carbon intensity (the amount of carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP) decreased by 4.1% against a target of 3.6%. 

15
May

South Korea's ETS emissions dipped by 2% in 2019

Emissions under the South Korean emission trading scheme (ETS) have decreased by 2% in 2019 to 589 MtCO2, representing the first drop since the ETS entered into operations in 2015. Emissions have been driven down by the power sector (-8.6%) to 245 Mt due to temporary shutdowns of coal-fired power plants combined with a shift from coal to LNG. Conversely, emissions from the steel sector grew by 7.1% to 113 Mt fostered by higher production.

07
May

US energy-related CO2 emissions decreased by 2.8% in 2019

According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), US energy-related CO2 emissions decreased by 2.8% in 2019, to 5,130 MtCO2, i.e. 15% below their 2007 peak of 6,003 MtCO2 and offsetting a 2.9% surge in 2018 that was due to increased energy consumption (warmer weather spurred air conditioning demand). In 2019, energy-related emissions fell faster than energy consumption (-0.9%) and the CO2 intensity (CO2 emissions per unit of GDP) improved noticeably, in a context of economic growth (+2.3% of GDP). Most of the decrease in CO2 emissions occurred in the power sector (-8.2% in 2019, i.e. -145 MtCO2), as renewable power generation continued to rise and to reduce coal consumption: CO2 emissions from coal fell by 14.6%, while CO2 emissions from the use of natural gas increased by 3.3% (limited increase in gas-fired power generation).

06
May

GHG emissions under the EU ETS scheme fell by 8.7% in 2019

According to the European Commission, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions covered by the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) declined by 8.7% in 2019. GHG emissions from stationary installations fell by 9% to 1.527 GtCO2eq, despite a growing EU economy (+1.5% of GDP). GHG emissions contracted by 15% in the power sector, in line with the substitution of coal-fired power generation with renewable and gas-fired generation, and they dipped by 2% in industry, including in energy-intensive branches such as iron and steel, cement, refineries and chemicals. Meanwhile, GHG emissions from aviation rose by 1% to to 68.14 GtCO2eq; the aviation sector benefited from 31.3 million free allowances, covering 46% of their emissions, while 54% had to be acquired from auctions or other sectors.


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