국가 별 내역 (kCO2/$2015p)

세계

80%

러시아 CO2 농도는 2017년 세계 평균치보다 80% 높음.

세계 CO2배출량 감소 (-1.3%)의 역사적 추세로의 침체 (1990-2017년 동안 연간 -1.5%)

중동 지역을 제외하고는 1990년 이후로 이산화탄소 배출량 (GDP당 CO2 배출량)이 모든 지역에서 감소했지만 화석 연료가 풍부한 국가에서는 아직도 높은 강도가 기록되어있다. 1990년 이후부터 평균 연 2.2% 감소했음에 불구하고 러시아 및 중동 (사우디 아라비아, 이란)에서는 CO2 배출량이 계속 증가했다. 중국 (1990년 이후로 CO2 강도를 3으로 나눈 것), 인도, 미국 등 대형 배출 국가에서 CO2 강도가 향상되었다. 유럽 연합에서는 전 세계에서 가장 낮은 CO2 강도를 자랑하며 프랑스와 독일의 높은 배출량이 영국의 개선 사항을 상쇄함에 따라 안정적으로 유지되고 있다.

세계 에너지 동향, 2018 년판

Enerdata는 G20 국가들의 2017 년 데이터 바탕으로 세계 에너지 시장의 동향을 분석합니다.

간행물 다운로드

Global Energy & CO2 Data

에너지 공급, 수요, 가격, 온실가스 배출에 관한 종합적인 최신 데이터베이스에 접근 가능(189개국).

무료 트라이얼

15
May

Over 21 GW of hydropower capacity added worldwide in 2018

According to the 2019 Hydropower Status Report released by the International Hydropower Association, around 21.8 GW of new hydropower capacities were commissioned in 2018, including nearly 2 GW of pumped-storage. Most of this new capacity was added in the East-Asia and Pacific region (nearly 9.2 GW installed, including 8.5 GW in China), followed by South America (4.9 GW, of which 3.9 GW were in Brazil), South and Central Asia (4 GW, including 2.5 GW in Pakistan), Europe (2.2 GW, half of which was in Turkey), Africa (1 GW, of which 0.7 GW in Angola) and North and Central America (0.6 GW).

At the end of 2018, global hydropower capacity stood at nearly 1,300 GW, of which over a quarter was located in China (352 GW), followed by Brazil (104 GW), the United States (103 GW) and Canada (81 GW): these four countries accounted for half of global capacities at the end of 2018 and Brazil overtook the United States as the second largest producer by capacity, after more than 3 GW were added at the 11 GW Belo Monte hydropower complex. Overall, hydropower generated 4,200 TWh in 2018.

10
May

CO2 emissions decreased by 2.5% in the EU

According to Eurostat's early estimates for the year 2018, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fossil fuel combustion decreased by 2.5% in the European Union (EU) compared to 2017 levels. Although Germany reduced significantly is CO2 emissions in 2018 (-5.4%), the country remains Europe's largest carbon emitter with a 22.5% share of EU's total CO2 emissions in 2018, followed by the United Kingdom with a share of 11.4%.

With a rise of 3.5% of its energy-related emissions, Poland has become EU's third largest CO2 emitter in 2018, with a 10.3% share in total emissions, exceeding France and Italy (10% each)

Remarquable energy-related CO2 emission reductions where recorded in Portugal (-9.0%), Bulgaria (-8.1%), Ireland (-6.8%), the Netherlands (-4.6%) and Croatia (-4.3%), Greece (-.36%), France (-3.5%), Italy (-3.5%) and Spain (-3.2%

Conserversely, countries that have registered an increase in emissions were Latvia (+8.5%), Malta (+6.7%), Estonia (+4.5%), Luxembourg (+3.7%), Poland (+3.5%), Slovakia (+2.4%), Finland (+1.9%) and Lithuania (+0.6%).

10
May

Kenya produces 86% of its power from renewables in 2018

According to the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics' 2019 Economic Survey, the country total electricity demand increased by 8% (to 11.2 TWh) in 2018. The country increased its renewable power output significantly, including a 43.6% growth in hydropower (to 4 TWh), while thermal power generation has been reduced by 39% and power imports decreased by 43%. Eventually, around 86% of total power was from renewables in 2018, with 46% from geothermal (with 663 MW of installed capacity), 36% from hydropower, 14% thermal and 3% from wind.

Wind and solar deployments in 2018 were also major with the commissioning of the 310 MW Lake Turkana wind power plant and the 50 MW Garissa solar park (83 MW). These deployments allowed for a 13.7% increase in total installed capacity to 2,712 MW. Wind capacity reached 367 MW and there was a 500% increase in wind power generation from 61.3 GWh in 2017 to 375.6 GWh in 2018.

The country also recorded a 3.2% decline of its oil imports, from 6.3 Mt in 2017 to 6.1 Mt in 2018.

07
May

India's oil import dependence rose to 84% in 2018-2019

According to the Indian Oil ministry's Petroleum Planning and Analysis Cell (PPAC), India's oil import dependence increased from around 81% in 2015-2016 (April 2015-March 2016) to 83% in 2017-2018 and to 84% in 2018-2019, in a context of rising oil consumption and stagnant domestic production. Domestic demand surged by nearly 12% between 2015-2016 and 2017-2018 and grew again in 2018-2019 (+2.6%). On the contrary, domestic production continued to fall (-4.2% in 2018-2019), after a 3.2% drop between 2015-2016 and 2017-2018. For the 2019-2020 year, the PPAC expects crude oil imports to surge again.

The Indian government is seeking to reduce its oil import dependence to 67% by 2022 and is promoting measures to boost domestic production, biofuel consumption and energy savings. On the supply side, the government changed the previous New Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP) to the Hydrocarbon Exploration and Licensing Policy (HELP) that relaxed pricing and marketing rules.