2018년 중국의 정유제품 생산량 증가.
주로 중국과 인도 같은 아시아는 58% 증가율을 보이며, 전 세계 증가율의 대부분을 차지하고 있습니다. 세계 최대 석유제품 생산국인 미국은 6년 연속 증가해 생산 최고기록을 세웠습니다.
중동에서도 특히 쿠웨이트는 베네수엘라와 멕시코 같은 중남미에서 원유생산이 계속 감소하는 가운데, 중동 기업들이 성장을 위해 국제시장으로 눈길을 돌리면서 작년도 증가 이후 생산량이 감소했습니다.
유럽연합 중에서도 특히 독일, 영국, 프랑스는 석유제품 생산이 계속 감소했습니다. 중동이 최근 정유설비를 폐쇄하고 원유 정제를 지역별로 행하려는 움직임을 눈에 띄게 보이면서 유럽연합의 생산이 감소했습니다.
According to the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) of India, coal-fired power generation in India declined by around 2.5% in 2019, posting the first decrease in a decade. Meanwhile, the gas-fired power generation also declined by 4.5%. This decrease is explained by a broader economic slowdown reducing electricity demand and a higher competition from renewable power generation and from nuclear in a lesser extent (+6.3% in 2019).
According to WindEurope, Europe’s wind power capacity grew by 8% in 2019, thanks to the installation of 15.4 GW, and reached 205 GW at the end of the year. New installations are 27% higher than in 2018. However, this number needs to double to reach the objectives of the Green Deal. Over 3/4 of new installations were onshore wind (11.7 GW), and 1/4 offshore (3.6 GW). Four countries accounted for 55% of new wind installations: the United Kingdom (+2.4 GW, including almost 1.8 GW of offshore wind), Spain (+2.3 GW), Germany (+2.2 GW, half of which was offshore), and Sweden (+1.6 GW). France installed more than 1 GW of new wind capacity in 2019 (1.3 GW onshore) despite weathers conditions and delays in approvals slowing down constructions.
According to the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), new installations of wind power capacities in Africa and the Middle East slowed down in 2019, with only 894 MW installed in 2019, compared to 962 MW in 2018 (-7%). Leading countries were Egypt, which installed 262 MW of new capacity, followed by Morocco (216 MW), Jordan (190 MW), Ethiopia (120 MW) and Iran (50 MW).
According to the French power transmission system operator RTE, electricity consumption in France declined by 0.5% in 2019 (including climate corrections), reaching its lowest level in 10 years. This slight decrease is explained by efforts in terms of energy efficiency (in buildings and equipments), by the structural shift in economic activities (towards services activities), and by a slowdown in economic growth, especially at the end of year.