전 세계 증가분의 45%에 해당하는 미국의 가스 생산 급증.
전 세계 증가분의 45%를 차지하는 최대 가스 생산국인 미국은 퍼미언 분지(Permian Basin)와 헤인스빌 셰일(Haynesville Shale) 형성지대에서 이루어진 최근의 개발과 국내 소비에 힘입어 11.5% 급증했습니다. 현재 미국의 셰일가스는 자국 가스 생산의 약 70%를 차지합니다.
러시아는 국내 수요의 강력한 성장에 따라 2018년 가스 생산이 6.7% 급증했으며, 이란도 사우스 파스(South Pars) 가스전 프로젝트의 신규 단계가 시작된 이후 급증했습니다.
호주는 2017년과 2018년 LNG 신규 트레인 시운전으로 가스 생산이 15% 증가했습니다.
이집트는 웨스트나일 델타(West Nile Delta) 프로젝트의 신규 단계가 시작되면서 가스 생산이 매우 빠른 속도로 20% 증가했습니다.
유럽에서는 네덜란드의 국내 생산량이 감축됨에 따라 가스 생산은 계속 감소했습니다(15% 감소).
According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), US LNG exports have been rising steadily since 2017, to 4.7 bcf/d (133 mcm/d) in May 2019. The recent LNG exports level makes the United States the third-largest LNG exporter in the first five months of the year with an average of 4.2 bcf/d (119 mcm/d), over the January-May 2019 period. The United States expects to remain the third-largest LNG exporter in the world in 2019-2020, behind Australia and Qatar.
According to the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Organization of Iran (also known as SATBA), Iran's installed renewable power capacity reached 760 MW in July 2019. Most of this renewable capacity consists of solar PV (330 MW) and wind (300 MW). Currently, there are 115 renewable power plants operational in the country and another 32 facilities under construction, which will add 380 MW. According to the Energy Ministry of Iran, renewables have attracted more than IRR124,000bn (US$2.9bn) of investment in recent years and now cover nearly 1% of the power mix, allowing Iran to reduce its gas consumption by 1 bcm/year so far.
According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), operators of coal-fired power plants announced the retirement of 546 coal-fired power units totalling 102 GW of capacity between 2010 and the first quarter of 2019. The majority of retirements came in 2015, with 15 GW (mostly 130 MW units with 56 years of operation), followed by 2018 with 13 GW (mostly 350 MW units with 46 years of operation). Another 17 GW of coal-fired capacity will be retired in the United States by the end of 2025, including 7 GW by the end of 2019.
According to the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) of India, renewable power capacity in India has exceeded the 80 GW mark, with 80,460 MW of renewable capacity operational as of 30 June 2019, including 29,550 MW of solar capacity and 36,370 MW of wind power capacity. In addition, power purchase agreements (PPAs) have already been signed for an additional 9.2 GW of solar power projects.