중국의 전력발전은 꾸준히 증가하고 있습니다.
2018년 전 세계 전력발전의 증가는 대부분 아시아에서 발생했으며 그 증가율은 6.1%였습니다: 중국은 전력발전 능력이 빠르게 개발되면서 수요도 높아져 전 세계 증가분의 거의 60%를 차지하며 인도, 일본, 한국, 인도네시아가 그 뒤를 잇고 있습니다.
미국은 기상조건과 경제발전으로 인해 전기 소비가 증가하면서 전력발전 역시 3.6% 증가했으나, 캐나다는 약간 감소했습니다. 러시아(경제회복), 중동, 아프리카의 전력발전은 계속 증가했습니다. 중남미에서 브라질과 멕시코는 증가한 반면 베네수엘라는 정치적 긴장 때문에 상당히 감소해 증가효과가 상쇄되면서 결과적으로는 안정적인 상태를 유지하고 있습니다.
유럽에서는 프랑스와 터키가 증가했지만 수력전기와 재생가능 전력발전(및 프랑스의 원자력 가동력 향상) 때문에 전력발전은 안정적인 상태를 유지하고 있습니다. 반면, 벨기에(심각한 원자력 불가동), 독일, 이탈리아, 영국(포근한 겨울)의 전력발전은 감소했습니다.
According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), US crude oil exports continued to increase in the first half of 2019, rising to an average of 2.9 mb/d (+50% compared to the same period of 2018) and reaching a record-high monthly average of 3.2 mb/d in June 2019. Canada remained the largest importer of US crude oil (over 450 kb/d, +3% compared to the first half of 2018), whereas exports to China fell by 64% to 248 kb/d over escalating trade tensions. US crude oil exports to other destinations surged, especially in South Korea (+246% to nearly 400 kb/d), India (+114% to over 380 kb/d) and the Netherlands (+192% to over 260 kb/d). Overall, US export to Asian countries grew by 58% (+472 kb/d).
According to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) latest 3D seismic mapping, the Alaska North Slope contains 1,523 bcm (53,800 bcf) of technically recoverable natural gas hydrate (methane ice) resources stored within gas hydrate formations. The resources are located on a depth range of 200-1,200 m. Ressources are assumed to be tackled by using conventional technology. As there are no exploration fields on gas hydrate formation, its commercial viability is unknown.
According to the Australian government, Australia’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reached 538.9 MtCO2eq (+0.6%) for the year to March 2019. The growth is largely due to a 19% increase in LNG exports and to a higher steel and aluminum production. Without the impact of LNG production on emissions (+4.7 MtCO2eq), domestic GHG emissions would have fallen, as the growth in wind and solar power generation contributed to a 2.1% drop in GHG emissions from the power sector. GHG emissions in Australia, which pledged to reduce its emissions by at least 26% from 2005 levels by 2030 under the Paris Climate Accord, stood 11.7% below their 2005 level in the year to March 2019.
According to the Chinese National Energy Administration (NEA), a total of 11.4 GW of new solar PV capacities was connected to the Chinese grid in the first half of 2019, i.e. less than half of the capacity added in the same period in 2018 (24 GW). The new capacity raised the country's total solar PV capacity to 186 GW (+20% increase compared to the first half of 2018). Centralised PV power plants capacity rose by 6.8 GW (+16%) to 130 GW, while distributed capacity surged by nearly 4.6 GW (+31%) to 55 GW.