국가 별 내역 (Mt)

세계

2.9%

2018년 중국의 석탄 생산 증가.

전 세계 석탄 생산은 중국의 주도로 2년 연속 증가(1.9% 증가)

중국은 석탄과 갈탄의 세계 최대 생산국(전 세계 생산 45%에 해당)으로서의 위상을 공고히 했습니다. 2018년 중국은 450억 위안(미화 67억 달러)이 넘는 새로운 탄광사업을 승인했습니다. 최근 국내의 가스 부족으로 석탄을 공간난방용 가스로 바꾸려는 정부의 동기가 약화되었고, 석탄에 대한 선호는 계속 이어지고 있습니다. 중국의 석탄 및 갈탄 생산은 전 세계 증가분의 70%에 해당합니다.
중국의 석탄 수입이 증가하면서(2018년 4% 증가, 지난 4년간 가장 높은 증가율) 강력한 국제 석탄시장이 형성되었고, 이에 중국의 3대 주요 석탄 공급처인 호주, 인도네시아, 러시아의 생산도 증가했습니다.
인도는 국내 수요와 정부의 수입의존도 감소 의지에 힘입어 생산이 크게 증가했습니다(2018년 5.3% 증가). 미국의 석탄 생산은 수출 증가에도 불구하고 39년 동안 국내 석탄 소비가 저조함에 따라 감소했습니다. 유럽연합은 회원국들이 점차 석탄을 경제에서 제외하면서 석탄 생산은 계속 감소하고 있습니다.

세계 에너지 동향, 2019 년판

Enerdata는 G20 국가들의 2018 년 데이터 바탕으로 세계 에너지 시장의 동향을 분석합니다.

간행물 다운로드

Global Energy & CO2 Data

에너지 공급, 수요, 가격, 온실가스 배출에 관한 종합적인 최신 데이터베이스에 접근 가능(189개국).

무료 트라이얼

20
Jan

Chinese coal production and imports rose by 4.2% and 6.3% in 2019

According to preliminary data from the National Bureau of Statistics, China’s fossil fuel production continued to rise in 2019. China’s raw coal production increased by 4.2% in 2019, in line with the continuing of the supply-side structural reform. Coal imports also rose by 6.3%, benefiting from declining prices. The decline in crude oil production since 2015 reversed in 2019, as the major domestic oil fields had a stable production growth trend and crude oil production rose by 0.8%. In addition, crude oil imports rose by 9.5% and inputs to Chinese refineries rose by 7.6%. China's gas production soared by  9.8% in 2019, while imports rose by 6.9%. Finally, power generation increased by 3.5%.

20
Jan

Peru's power generation rose by 3.8% in 2019

According to the Ministry of Energy and Mines of Peru, power generation in Peru rose by 3.8% in 2019. Thermal power generation grew by 5%, while renewable power generation increased significantly: wind power generation rose by 10% and solar generation by 2%. Hydropower generation posted a 29% surge in December 2019, compared to December 2018. In December 2019, most of electricity output was generated in the central zone of Peru (80%), 12% in the southern regions, 6% in the northern region and 1.5% in the east.

16
Jan

Electricity consumption increased by 1.1% in India in 2019

According to the Central Electricity Authority of India, electricity consumption increased by only 1.1% in 2019, its slowest annual pace since 2013. In December 2019, electricity consumption declined for the fifth month in a row, reaching 100.8 TWh (-0.5% compared with December 2018), despite a rise in consumption in the industrialised states of Maharashtra and Gujarat. Electricity consumption had fallen by 13% in October 2019 (compared to October 2018), its steepest drop in 12 years, reflecting a slowdown in industrial consumption. In October 2019, the IMF lowered its growth forecast for India by 0.9 point to 6.1% in 2019.

15
Jan

China's crude oil imports rose by 9.5% in 2019, gas imports by 6.9%

According to preliminary data from the General Administration of Customs, China’s energy imports continued to increase in 2019. Crude oil imports rose by 9.5% to nearly 506 Mt (10.1 mb/d), as two 400,000 bbl/d refineries commissioned in 2019 – Hengli Petrochemical in Dalian (northeast China) and Zhejiang Petroleum and Chemical in Zhoushan (eastern China) – are fostering China’s crude oil demand. Meanwhile, imports of petroleum products declined by 8.7% in 2019 to 31 Mt, and that of fuel oil by nearly 11% to less than 15 Mt. Natural gas imports continued to grow in 2019 (+6.9%), as China is seeking to raise the share of gas in its energy mix. Coal and lignite imports increased again (+6.3%), reaching 300 Mt.​ 


More news